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【昆明英语备考培训】职称英语词汇:常用前/后缀

来源:昆明佩文教育培训学校 发布时间:2018/3/12 0:20:33
[文章摘要]:昆明职称英语培训机构

【昆明英语备考培训】职称英语词汇:常用前/后缀

昆明职称英语培训

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    表示时间的前缀:
  1.fore-:before 前、预先
  forecast v.& n.预测;预示
  例句:
  Such events may forecast an outbreak of war.
  这些事件可能预示着战争的爆发。
  foretell v.预言;预告
  例句:
  We can't foretell how the world will end.
  我们不能预言世界将如何终结。
  foreground n.前景
  例句:
  The figure in the foreground is the artist's mother.
  图画前景中的人是画家的母亲。
  foresee vt.预见;预知
  例句:
  It is difficult to foresee the consequences that may arise from this action.
  预见这一行动可能产生的后果是困难的。
  2.pre-:before 之前
  prehistory n.史前
  例句:
  In the long period,the researches of prehistory are abundant.
  在漫长的时间长河中,对于史前文明的研究可谓浩瀚如星海。
  prerequisite n.先决条件;
  例句:
  Good self-esteem is a prerequisite for a happy life.
  良好的自尊心是幸福生活的先决条件。
  prelude n.序言前奏曲;序幕
  例句:
  The rural reform has opened the prelude of China's reform and opening-up.
  农村改革揭开了中国改革开放的序幕。
  3.pro-:预先的
  prologue n.序言,序幕;
  例句:
  The prologue of the book is a famous writer.
  这本书的序言是由一个著名作家写的。
  prophet n.先知,预言家
  E.g.He holds the belief that he is a latter-day prophet.
  他深信自己是当代先知。
  4.post-:after 之后
  postwar n.战后
  例句:
  During the postwar years in Germany,many honors were heaped upon Einstein.
  在战后的岁月里,爱因斯坦在德国得到了种种荣誉。
  postgraduate n.研究生
  例句:
  She has satisfied the entrance requirements for a postgraduate.
  她符合研究生入学条件。
  5.retro-:back往后的
  retrograde adj.倒退的
  例句:
  This is,as far as we're concerned,a real retrograde step for human rights.
  对我们而言,这是在人权问题上真正倒退的一步。
  retrospect v.& n.回顾
  例句:
  It was,in retrospect,the happiest day of her life.
  回想起来,那是她一生幸福的日子。
  常用名词后缀:
  1.-an:
  electrician n.电工;电气技师
  例句:
  The electrician took the houselights down.
  电工将剧场中观众席上的灯光减弱了一点。
  physician n.[医] 医师,内科医师
  例句:
  He prefers to be a surgeon rather than a physician.
  他喜欢当外科医生而不愿作内科医生。
  2.-ant,-ent:
  applicant n.申请人
  例句:
  The job applicant must have good verbal skills.
  应聘这份工作的人必须具有良好的语言表达技能。
  correspondent n.通信者
  例句:The newspaper has a foreign correspondent.
  这家报纸有个外国通讯记者。
  3.-ard:
  coward n.懦夫,懦弱的人
  例句:
  She accused her husband of being a coward.
  她指责自己的丈夫是个胆小鬼。
  drunkard n.酒鬼,醉汉
  例句:
  That drunkard flung out the empty bottle.
  那个醉汉把空瓶扔了出来。
  4.-ee:
  employee n.雇员
  例句:
  The boss dismissed that employee.
  老板解雇了那个雇员。
  examinee n.应试者
  例句:
  It required that every examinee put down his/her name on the answer sheet.
  要求所有考生都把自己的姓名写在答题纸上。
  5.-eer:
  pioneer n.开拓者,先锋
  例句:
  Li Dazhao was a pioneer of the Chinese revolution.
  李大钊是中国革命的先驱。
  volunteer n.志愿者
  例句:
  She now helps in a local school as a volunteer three days a week.
  她现在作为一名志愿者每周三天在当地一所学校帮忙。
  6.-er,-or:
  manufacturer n.制造商
  例句:
  All the goods are labelled with the address of the manufacturer.
  所有商品均标明了生产厂家的地址。
  survivor n.幸存者
  例句:
  Officials said there were no survivors of the plane crash.
  官方说这次飞机失事无一人生还。
  7.-ese:
  Chin(a) + ese→Chinese n.中国人;汉语
  例句:
  Remember you are a Chinese wherever you go.
  不论你到哪里,记住你是中国人。
  Japan + ese→Japanese n.日本人;日语
  例句:
  Not only did he speak English well,but he spoke Japanese more easily.
  他不但英语说得好,就连日语也讲得轻松自如。
  8.-(r)ess:
  host+ ess→hostess n.女主人
  例句:
  The hostess gave us a cordial greeting.
  女主人热忱地欢迎我们。
  act+ ress→actress n.女演员
  例句:
  The famous actress is now appearing at the Capital Theatre.
  目前这位著名女演员正在首都剧场演出。
  9.-ian:
  logic+ ian→logician n.逻辑学家
  例句:
  As the founder of pragmatism,firstly and mostly Peirce was a logician.
  作为实用主义的鼻祖,皮尔士首先和主要是一位逻辑学家。
  mathematic+ ian→mathematician n.数学家
  例句:
  Einstein is identified with a higher mathematician.
  爱因斯坦被列为高等数学家。
  10.-ist:
  drama+ (t)ist→dramatist n.剧作家
  例句:
  Shakespeare is,by common consent,the greatest English dramatist.
  莎士比亚被公认是英国伟大的剧作家。
  dent+ ist→dentist n.牙科医生
  例句:
  The dentist told the boy not to eat too many sweets.
  牙医告诫这男孩不要吃太多糖果。
  11.-ster:
  young+ ster→youngster n.年轻人
  例句:
  That youngster works with a will.
  这小伙子干活有股傻劲儿。
  gang+ ster→gangster n.歹徒
  例句:
  The police are hard on the track of the gangster.
  警察正在追踪那名匪徒。
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